Muammar Gaddafi (1942-2011) was a Libyan politician and revolutionary who held power in Libya for over four decades until he was overthrown and killed during the Libyan Civil War in 2011. Here are some key points about him:
Rise to power: Gaddafi rose to power in 1969 when he led a military coup against the Libyan monarchy.
Political ideology: Gaddafi’s political ideology was a combination of Arab nationalism, socialism, and Islamic principles. He wrote a political manifesto called the Green Book that outlined his vision for a stateless society governed by direct democracy.
Foreign policy: Gaddafi’s foreign policy was often controversial, as he supported various terrorist groups and rogue states, such as the Irish Republican Army, the Palestine Liberation Organization, and the government of Uganda under Idi Amin.
Human rights record: Gaddafi’s regime was known for its human rights abuses, including extrajudicial killings, torture, and the suppression of political dissent.
Relations with the West: Gaddafi’s relations with the West were often strained. He was initially seen as a pariah by Western governments, but later in his regime, he sought to improve relations and even became an ally in the fight against terrorism after the 9/11 attacks.
Death: Gaddafi was captured and killed by rebel forces during the Libyan Civil War in 2011. The circumstances of his death remain controversial, with some alleging that he was summarily executed.
1 Een dag uit het leven van een dictator – Muammar Gaddafi
In première gegaan op 7 okt. 2022
2 The Real Reason Why They Killed Muammar Gaddafi
18 feb. 2017
The Real Reason Why They Killed Muammar Gaddafi
Gaddafi really cared about his own people, free water, education, healthcare, electricity, but unfortunately he was betrayed by western powers who wanted to maintain status quo, especially in monetary policy
This is a copy of the original – posted with permission from the author.
1. Gaddafi wouldn’t bow down to the Rothschild central reserve banking cartel.
2. Gadaffi Proposed $400 million African Satellite – gadaffi alone came up with $300 million for this project.
For those who ask, whats the big deal in it, it’s really a huge set back for European western countries, because they get paid by Africa every year $500 million in rent for the services European satellite provides to Africa.
Africa being self sufficient is definitely a set back for western economy.
3. AMF: African Monetary Fund – No more borrowing from Rothschild Central Bank for African countries, AMF was planned to produce its own currency for Africa, backed by Gold standard.
4. Libya’s $300 Billion Gold reserves.
5. Libya sits on Africa’s largest oil and natural gas reserves.
6. Gadaffi planned to free the entire African continent from the clutches of Western imperialism.
7. Libya’s Blue gold – Libya’s priceless water basins.
* In Libya there are four major underground basins, these being the Kufra basin, the Sirt basin, the Morzuk basin and the Hamada basin, the first three of which contain combined reserves of 35,000 cubic kilometres of water. These vast reserves offer almost unlimited amounts of water for the Libyan people. *In the 1960s during oil exploration deep in the southern Libyan desert, vast reservoirs of high quality water were discovered in the form of aquifers. * thus Gadaffi, started the construction for the Phase I of the $25 Billion “Great Man made River Project” in 1984.
The Great Man-Made River (GMR) is a network of pipes that supplies water from the Sahara Desert in Libya, from the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System fossil aquifer. It is the world’s largest irrigation project
As of now, almost all three phases has been finished by the Libyan administration .
It carries more than five million cubic metres of water per day across the desert to coastal areas, vastly increasing the amount of arable land. The cost of one cubic meter of water equals 35 cents. The cubic meter of desalinized water is $3.75. Scientists estimate the amount of water to be equivalent to the flow of 200 years of water in the Nile River.
Here is the $70 trillion Blue Gold in Libya, that caught the most attention and Love of Bankers.
14 dec. 2021
3 – 10 THINGS YOU NEVER KNEW ABOUT MUAMMAR GADDAFI
1 sep. 2020
4 Muammar Gaddafi Interviewed Just Before Libyan Revolution
22 aug. 2013
5 The Imam and the Colonel | Al Jazeera World
24 jul. 2012
The downfall of Libyan leader Colonel Muammar Gaddafi last year was greeted with great hopes for the rebirth of a nation.
But there was another hope felt by many inside and outside of the country – that the end of his 42-year rule would allow some light to be shed on the fate of a charismatic Lebanese cleric.
Imam Musa al-Sadr, the leader of Lebanon’s Shia Muslims, disappeared, along with two companions, in the summer of 1978 during a visit to Libya to meet Gaddafi.
As in the Shia myth of the ‘hidden imam’, this modern-day cleric left his followers upholding his legacy and awaiting his return.
The enigmatic cleric’s popularity had transcended religions. Calling for social justice and development, in 1974 al-Sadr founded the Movement of the Deprived – aiming to unite people across communal lines.
Archbishop Youssef Mounes of Lebanon’s Catholic Information Centre remembers a sermon al-Sadr delivered in a church, in which he warned of an imminent sectarian war.
“It was a surreal scene,” Mounes says. “Seeing the turban of a Muslim imam under the cross in a Christian church. He delivered a sermon at a very significant time.”
When civil war erupted in Lebanon in 1975, al-Sadr led anti-war protests. And as the war intensified, so too did al-Sadr’s efforts to end it. As part of this, he toured the Arab world to plead the case for south Lebanon.
In 1978, this took him to Libya where he was due to meet Gaddafi.
He was never seen again.
In the years since conflicting stories have emerged about what happened to al-Sadr and his two companions. Now hopes have been raised that new evidence and witnesses will emerge to help solve the mystery of the missing imam.
6 Flight 103 | Al Jazeera World
7 aug. 2013
Only one man, Abdel Basset al-Megrahi, a Libyan citizen, was tried and found guilty of causing the explosion. But he protested his innocence at the time of his trial in Camp Zeist in Holland in May 2000, and continued to do so up until his death in Tripoli in May 2012.
For three years filmmakers working for Al Jazeera have been investigating the prosecution of al-Megrahi.
Probe identifies suspects over Lockerbie bombing
Two award-winning documentaries, screened on Al Jazeera in 2011 and 2012, demonstrated that the case against him was deeply flawed and argued that a serious miscarriage of justice may have taken place.
Now, in our third and most disturbing investigation, we answer the question left hanging at the end of our last programme: if al-Megrahi was not guilty of the Lockerbie bombing, then who was?
7 Can Colonel Gaddafi Turn Around Libya’s Fortunes? (2003)
13 jun. 2019
The New Libya (2003) – After years of isolation from the international community it looks as though Libya is on the road to reform.
Colonel Gaddafi is the longest serving Arab leader in power. After seeing the deposal of his old ally Saddam Hussein, it appears that Gadhafi is willing to make changes which might protect his regime.
To end sanctions placed on Libya since the infamous Lockerbie bombing, Gaddafi is to pay a compensation package. “It’s not compensation. It’s a price,” claims Gaddafi. The ‘price’ for acceptance in the world community. It now seems that part of this ‘price’ is open disarmament.
True to form, the timing of Gaddafi’s announcement to disarm was impeccable – it came just two days before the 15th anniversary of the Lockerbie bombing. He has also dropped Libya’s compensation claims for America’s 1986 bombing. But Libya is currently facing its own economic failure and reform is necessary.
Gaddafi’s unique blend of socialist/Islamic thought is not working in the nation’s best interest. “Our public sector has proven to be sluggish, sometimes even corrupt,” states P.M. Shukri Ghanem. He hopes to privatise large sections of the economy in order to speed economic growth.
But the key to Libya’s success in securing positive international acceptance lies in its vast, unexplored oil fields. ,”American companies will stampede in” states Tarek Hassan Beck. But some Libyans are cynical about the reforms. If external pressure is removed from Libya then the regime will be strengthened. And for some this does not bode well for the people. “Gaddafi will feel that he’s secure with the West and he’s going to be free to be even more oppressive with his own people.”
8 Colonel Gaddafi: Terror Of The Middle East | Evolution Of Evil | Timeline
9 🇱🇾 The Lust for Libya: How a Nation was Torn Apart | The Big Picture
18 okt 2018
Libya has been broken apart. Torn asunder by competing local, regional and international forces, its survival as a singular nation-state is under threat.
Once Africa’s wealthiest country with the continent’s largest oil reserves and highest standard of living, Libya, liberated from a dictator’s grip, is mired in a violent, internecine conflict that has left many of its people struggling for food, fuel and security.
So how did it come to this?
Libya is split between rival governments and conflicting centres of power – one in the east of the country and one in the west – each backed by militias fighting for their own share of Libya’s loot seven years on from the violent ouster of the Gaddafi regime.
“Divisions in Libya are not based on ethnic, or religious, or sectarian factors. The divisions are purely political, purely based on disagreement and how to share power and wealth,” says Libyan academic and politician Guma el Gamaty.
Colonel Muammar Gaddafi had held a nation together for more than four decades, strategically doling out cash incentives, nurturing division and combining political brokering with ruthless state repression.
In October 2011, the dictator who claimed to have brought participatory democracy to the Libyan people was killed by fellow Libyans. The one-time revolutionary’s life and often brutal rule brought to a grisly end by those also calling themselves revolutionaries. These self-declared revolutionaries were supported by regional players such as the UAE and Qatar as well as Western powers that included the US, the UK and France who painted Gaddafi as sometimes friend and oftentimes foe according to their own interests.
“Libyans never thought that Gaddafi would be gone, so they’re willing to sacrifice their lives to be able to be liberated from Gaddafi and what he has done to them,” says Libyan politician Mustafa Abushagur.
“The West did not do anything during the Tunisian revolution. They did not do anything during the Egyptian revolution. Clearly they are fed up with Gaddafi and here is an opportunity for Gaddafi to be removed …
It was an opportunity for the world to get rid of a menace, it’s called Gaddafi.
The Big Picture – The Lust for Libya charts the 42-year rule of Muammar Gaddafi, uncovering the seeds of discontent – both at home and in his relations internationally – sewn across his turbulent reign. We dissect the geopolitical self-interest of Western and Middle Eastern nations, culminating in the NATO-led intervention of 2011 that deposed Gaddafi, as well as attempting to understand the chaos left in its wake. The Lust for Libya examines ancient schisms mapped anew on a contested landscape offering oil riches as well as strategic control, tracing the timeline of events – reaching back before the construction of Libya itself – that have left Africa’s erstwhile richest nation in ruins.
“The Libya that we knew before is gone. It’s gone,” says Mohamed Buisier, Libyan political adviser. “All what we see in front of us, the scene now it’s at the end, it’s taking us to disintegration. Nothing is bringing the country back to unity, and everyday we are closer to this final scene.”
11 Gaddafi Family Bodyguard Tells Sky News Former Dictator Headed South
12 Was Gaddafi’s Libya a Police State or a Popular Democracy?
7 sep 2016
Popular Democracy or Police State? (1997): A sceptical report on Gaddafi’s Libya, its claims to democracy, and its manipulation of the foreign media.
Synopsis: Gaddafi’s Libya is place of multiple definitions. For example it defines itself as a democratic country, with the General People’s Conference serving as a platform where any citizen may voice their opinion on any aspect of government legislation. It is this direct involvement with democracy, or popular democracy, that Libyans claim makes their nation so unique. Yet despite denials of an autocratic regime, with Coronel Gaddifi officially having no position in the government, one delegate admits that the people almost always agree with with his “suggestions”, and no one seems sure of who exactly is in charge of the country. The way journalists are treated also resembles the paranoia of an insular dictatorship; they are banned from filming exteriors of their drive into Tripoli, spend days in hotel lobbies waiting for permission to film political conferences, and are denied any form of autonomy. ABC Australia reports from Libya, and attempts to shed light on the country’s alternative version of democracy.
14 The New Libya – October 2003
15 Why Libya’s Colonel Staged A Coup | King Of Kings | Real Royalty
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22 jun 2021
Muammar El-Qaddafi was one of the wealthiest and most powerful men in the world. In 1969, he strategically became the ruler of Libya. His uncanny ability to organize, while simultaneously annihilating his enemies, has allowed him to reign over Libya for over 40 years. This is the riveting and controversial story of how a modest desert nomad transcended into a major power in the Middle East.
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16 Gaddafi: The Rise and Fall of Libya’s Dictator
In première gegaan op 4 nov 2022
Arguably one of the most important figures in global politics in the second half of the 20th century and beyond, Libya’s Colonel Muammar Gaddafi came to power in 1969 and controlled Libya for 42 years.
The Libyan leader paraded on the world stage with a style so unique and unpredictable that the words “maverick” or “eccentric” scarcely did him justice. His rule saw him go from revolutionary hero to international pariah, to valued strategic partner and back to pariah again.
17 Een dag uit het leven van een dictator: portret van gekte aan de macht