Herald of Free Enterprise 1987

Environmental factors

The Herald of Free Enterprise disaster was investigated and apparently there were about 15 causes. It was not only due to the doors being open when the ship set sail. The lives of the passengers were endangered by environmental factors that then occurred.

The Herald of Free Enterprise disaster was a maritime tragedy that occurred on March 6, 1987, off the coast of Zeebrugge, Belgium. Here are the key points about the disaster:

  1. The Herald of Free Enterprise was a roll-on/roll-off (ro-ro) ferry operated by Townsend Thoresen. It was on a routine trip from Zeebrugge to Dover, carrying 459 passengers, 80 crew members, and 81 vehicles.

  2. The ferry departed Zeebrugge with its bow doors open, which allowed water to enter the car deck. The crew failed to notice this and did not take any corrective action.

  3. As the ferry left the harbor, it began to take on water and became unstable. The captain attempted to turn the ship, but it capsized and sank within minutes.

  4. 193 people died in the disaster, including passengers and crew members. The majority of the victims were trapped inside the ship as it capsized, while others were trapped in their vehicles or drowned in the cold water.

  5. The disaster was attributed to a number of factors, including the open bow doors, the failure of the crew to notice and rectify the problem, and the lack of adequate safety measures on board the ferry.

  6. The disaster led to significant changes in the regulation of ro-ro ferries and the shipping industry as a whole. It also led to improvements in safety measures and emergency procedures on board ships.

  7. The Herald of Free Enterprise disaster remains one of the deadliest maritime disasters in European history and serves as a reminder of the importance of safety measures and vigilance in the shipping industry.

1 Panorama – Herald of Disaster

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25 aug. 2011

Information in English below.
In maart 1987 zonk de Herald of Free Enterprise; dit is de reconstructie die Panorama er tien jaar later van maakte.
The Herald of Free Enterprise sank in March 1987. This is a reconstruction shown ten years later by the Belgian programme Panorama (not related to the BBC programme with the same name).

2 Seconds from Disaster Zeebrugge Ferry Disaster | Full Episode | National Geographic Documentary

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9 nov. 2021

Zeebrugge Ferry Disaster is the 18th episode (Season 2, Episode 5) of Seconds from Disaster explaining how did the ship capsized in 90 seconds. The British car ferry M/S Herald of Free Enterprise departs the port of Zeebrugge in Belgium. The crew have left the bow doors open and water splashes into the car deck. So much water pours in that the car ferry capsizes, taking the lives of 193 passengers and crew.

Seconds from Disaster Zeebrugge Ferry Disaster | Nature TV

Seconds from Disaster Zeebrugge Ferry Disaster | Nature TV
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Herald of Free Enterprise: The True Story [Nederlands]

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22 okt. 2017

Documentaire en reconstructie gemaakt door de BBC (2006), later uitgezonden (herwerkt) door Canvas.

The Zeebrugge Ferry Disaster | A Short Documentary | Fascinating Horror

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22 mei 2020

At around 6:29 pm on the 6th of March 1987 the MS Herald of Free Enterprise – an eight-deck car and passenger ferry – capsized just moments after leaving the Belgian port of Zeebrugge. The incident resulted in the deaths of 193 passengers and crew. It was the most deadly sinking of a British ship in peacetime in more than 50 years.
I tell the true stories behind some of history’s greatest disasters… but without sensationalism or disturbing imagery. Fascinating Horror is all about in-depth research, respectful storytelling, and learning what we can from the mistakes of the past. You might be surprised to discover just how much of today’s world is shaped by long-forgotten disasters from decades gone by. 
Music: “Glass Pond” by Public Memory

The key points for the terminology related to the Zeebrugge disaster and understanding contributing factors:

  1. Zeebrugge Disaster: This refers to the tragic event involving the ferry “Herald of Free Enterprise” in Zeebrugge, Belgium, where the vessel capsized in 1987.

  2. Contributing Factors: These are elements, conditions, or circumstances that collectively lead to a particular event or outcome, such as a disaster. In the context of the Zeebrugge disaster, there were multiple contributing factors that played a role in the incident.

  3. Causal Factors: These are factors that directly or indirectly cause a particular event. In the case of the Zeebrugge disaster, the causal factors included the state of the bow doors, the ship’s stability, and other conditions that led to the tragedy.

  4. Root Causes: Root causes are the fundamental factors that underlie a problem or incident. Identifying root causes is important for preventing similar incidents in the future. In the Zeebrugge disaster, identifying the root causes helped in improving safety measures for ferry operations.

  5. Investigation: After such incidents, thorough investigations are conducted to understand what went wrong. In the Zeebrugge disaster, an investigation revealed the various factors that contributed to the incident, which could be referred to as “omgevingsfactoren” in Dutch.

  6. Safety Measures: Following an incident, safety measures are often put in place or improved to prevent similar occurrences. The Zeebrugge disaster led to significant changes in safety regulations for ferry operations.

  7. Lessons Learned: Incidents like the Zeebrugge disaster provide valuable lessons for safety and risk management, both in the maritime industry and beyond. These lessons help prevent similar tragedies in the future.

  8. Regulatory Changes: As a result of the Zeebrugge disaster, there were changes in regulations and safety standards to enhance the safety of ferry and maritime operations. This illustrates the role of government and industry in responding to such incidents.

In summary, the Zeebrugge disaster is an example of a tragic incident with multiple contributing factors, and understanding these factors is essential for improving safety and preventing similar disasters in the future. Investigating, identifying causal factors and root causes, and implementing safety measures and regulatory changes are critical responses to such incidents.

17 Basketball Accident Prank

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22 apr. 2011

Just like Shaquille O’Neal, these amateur basketball players fail to shoot a free throw. However, the basketball tips over the basketball hoop and destroys a parked car to the horror of these amateur players.
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