To put the cart before the horse

De kar voor het paard spannen

to do things in the wrong order or sequence
to do something in wrong manner
reverse the right method of doing something


Example Sentences

  1. Aren’t you putting the cart before the horse in decorating your new office? You haven’t even been awarded the job yet.
  2. Don’t put the cart before the horse by investing in a new shop before selling that old one situated in west of the city.
  3. By waking up late at night and sleeping all day long. Why are you putting the cart before the horse?
  4. I think you are putting the cart before the horse by leaving your permanent job before getting new one.

Evil does exist

Current page

A strange twist

Row short oars

Unfair assistance


Head in the sand

A conviction and no-crime is putting the cart before the horse

In other words, shoot first and then draw the rose.
M.a.w. eerst schieten en dan de roos tekenen.

1 No-Crime Wrongful Convictions | Jessica Henry | TEDxButler

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8 dec. 2021

The popular image of a wrongful conviction is that of an innocent person wrongly convicted of a crime committed by someone else. But what if I told you that over one-third of all people who have been exonerated were wrongly convicted of crimes that never happened in the first place. Jessica S. Henry is an award-winning author, professor, legal commentator, social justice advocate, and blogger. After obtaining her J.D. from N.Y.U. School of Law, Henry served as a public defender in New York City for nearly a decade. Her new book, “Smoke But No Fire: Convicting the Innocent of Crimes that Never Happened,” won the 2020 Montaigne Medal award for most thought-provoking book and the INDIE forward Book of the Year Award (Silver, Political and Social Science). She also was the recipient of the First Horizon Award for superior work by a debut author. Henry’s research and teaching focus on wrongful convictions and severe sentences, such as the death penalty and life without parole. Henry frequently appears as a commentator about criminal justice and the criminal legal system on national and local television and radio, and is widely cited in the mainstream media. In 2015, Henry received the Montclair State University Distinguished Teacher Award for excellence in teaching. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community.

3 Wrongful Convictions: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)

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7 mrt. 2022

John Oliver explains why it’s so difficult to be exonerated for a wrongful conviction, even when there’s compelling evidence to prove your innocence, and how we can correct the state’s mistakes.

2 Dwaling: hoe raken we van ons pad af? – Nico Kwakman

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8 jul. 2011

Soms kan het heel vermakelijk zijn om de weg kwijt te raken. Een avontuur. Maar vaak is het helemaal niet fijn als je de weg kwijt bent. Rechtsgeleerde mr.dr. Nico Kwakman vertelt dat rechterlijke dwalingen onontkoombaar zijn.

Having dessert before diner is putting the cart before the horse.

4 Lawyers Tour met Peter van Koppen

5 okt. 2016

Bekijk hier de samenvatting van Lawyers Tour #Woudschoten met Peter van Koppen over o.a. het Nederlands Forensisch Instituut, de Raadkamer en Alice in Wonderland. En waarom hij blij is dat hij geen advocaat is.

5 Ton Derksen: ‘1000 Nederlanders onschuldig achter de tralies’

22 nov. 2016

Ton Derksen: ‘1000 Nederlanders onschuldig achter de tralies’

Een gerechtelijke dwaling in Nederland

6 Ton Derksen bekritiseert undercoveroperatie politie in moordzaak Heidy Goedhart.

15 jul. 2015

Justitie wil niet reageren op beschuldigingen van experts over de “immorele” inzet van undercoveragenten in het onderzoek naar de moord op Heidy Goedhart in Kaatsheuvel. Zij werd in 2010 om het leven gebracht. Het Openbaar Ministerie (OM) verdenkt haar man WIm S. daarvan. Hij bekende de moord te hebben gepleegd, maar zijn bekentenis wordt door deskundigen in twijfel getrokken.

7 Peter van Koppen: “Onderzoek die zaak een keer echt goed” – RTL LATE NIGHT

5 apr. 2017

Er zijn, naast het scenario van Monique B., nog twee andere mogelijke scenario’s.
Bekijk de hele aflevering op:!/gemist/rtl-lat…

8 Wrongfully Convicted: LaDondrell Montgomery Story

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7 mei 2012

LaDondrell Montgomery was given a life’s sentence for Aggravated Robbery when he didn’t commit the crime. After his life sentence, it was discovered that he was in jail when the robbery was committed. His father tells his son’s story.

9 Prof Peter van Koppen.mpg

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9th International Investigative Psychology Conference, London Southbank University, January 2010, more information at

“If you make a mistake and do not correct it, this is called a mistake.”

10 Verhalenverteller Geert Jan Knoops

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1 okt. 2012

Geert Jan Knoops vertelt tijdens de eerste Dag van de Rechtspraak in de Gevangenpoort zijn verhaal over de Rechtspraak.

11 Verbijsterend veel ging mis – RTL LATE NIGHT

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20 nov. 2013
Geert-Jan Knoops, advocaat van de mannen die maar liefst ácht jaar onschuldig vastzaten op Bonaire legt uit wat er allemaal mis is gegaan tijdens het gerechtelijk onderzoek. En dat blijkt heel wat.. Kijk de hele aflevering op!

Curbing miscarriages of justice

In criminal cases, guilt or innocence is sometimes difficult to establish. The evidence is often contradictory, and little or no account is taken of the possibility that the defendant is innocent, especially if he or she has confessed to committing the crime. According to the law, the judge may convict if he is convinced of the guilt of the suspect on the basis of legal evidence. That is a very meager indication.

On guilt and innocence in criminal cases

In this book, legal psychologist Peter van Koppen explains how the decision about the guilt of the suspect can be made in a responsible manner. Illustrated with many examples from recent Dutch criminal cases, he makes clear which evidence is strong and which is weak. He also explains how guilty and innocent scenarios can be formulated and weighed against each other. Decisions in criminal cases can thus be elevated to a scientific level. This makes Overtuigend bewijs an indispensable book for anyone with an interest in cases of legal and social importance.

Indammen van rechterlijke dwalingen

In strafzaken is schuld of onschuld soms moeilijk vast te stellen. Het bewijs is vaak tegenstrijdig, en er wordt weinig of geen rekening gehouden met de mogelijkheid dat de verdachte onschuldig is, zéker wanneer deze heeft bekend het delict te hebben gepleegd. Volgens de wet mag de rechter veroordelen als hij op grond van wettige bewijsmiddelen overtuigd is geraakt van de schuld van de verdachte. Dat is een wel erg magere aanwijzing.

Over schuld en onschuld in strafzaken

In dit boek legt rechtspsycholoog Peter van Koppen uit hoe de beslissing over de schuld van de verdachte wél verantwoord kan worden genomen. Gelardeerd met vele voorbeelden uit recente Nederlandse strafzaken maakt hij duidelijk welk bewijs stevig en welk zwak is. Ook zet hij uiteen hoe schuldige en onschuldige scenario’s geformuleerd kunnen worden en tegen elkaar afgewogen. Beslissingen in strafzaken kunnen zo naar een wetenschappelijk niveau worden getild. Daarmee is Overtuigend bewijs een onmisbaar boek voor eenieder met belangstelling voor zaken van juridisch en maatschappelijk belang.

12 Kareem zat 14 jaar onterecht in de gevangenis

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24 jan. 2015

In Amerika is een man vrijgelaten die 37 jaar ten onrechte in de cel had gezeten. Ook Kareem Bellamy zat jarenlang onterecht vast: 14 jaar. Dat was voor een moord die hij niet had gepleegd.
Diane Darko
I knew Kareem when he was born. I married his uncle Ralph Bellamy in 1967. His mother Geraldine Bellamy was my sister inlaw. I live in Atlanta Ga. with my children , Poke and Tracy Bellamy. Love you Kareem . MY name was Diane Bellamy then. I spoke to his aunt Mareget Ann Bellamy and his uncles Irvin Bellamy and Anthony Bellamy. I will be in New York in July hope to see you Kareem.

Three brothers went to jail for that crime, and it was Lewandowski’s evidence that sent them there. 

But that evidence was false – the Mickelbergs were framed.

Read the text: read more

13 Crooked cop’s confession about Australia’s biggest gold swindle | 60 Minutes Australia

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14 dec. 2021

Full Episodes: | Dead Man Talking (2004)

Now, you will see and hear a story from beyond the grave. It’s astonishing video, never before shown on television. It’s an interview with a crooked cop: Tony Lewandowski. It was recorded just before he committed suicide last month. The interview – confession really – sheds a whole new light on the biggest gold swindle in Australia’s history – that daring heist from the Perth Mint 22 years ago.

Three brothers went to jail for that crime, and it was Lewandowski’s evidence that sent them there. But that evidence was false – the Mickelbergs were framed.
For forty years, 60 Minutes have been telling Australians the world’s greatest stories. Tales that changed history, our nation and our lives. Reporters Liz Hayes, Tom Steinfort, Tara Brown, Liam Bartlett and Sarah Abo look past the headlines because there is always a bigger picture. Sundays are for 60 Minutes.


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29 feb. 2012

THE GREAT MINT SWINDLE is an extraordinary tale about the Mickelberg brothers who become embroiled in the most famous gold heist in Australian history. It is a mysterious 20-year saga about the fight to clear their names over a crime that has never been solved.


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THE GREAT MINT SWINDLE is an extraordinary tale about the Mickelberg brothers who become embroiled in the most famous gold heist in Australian history. It is a mysterious 20-year saga about the fight to clear their names over a crime that has never been solved.

16 Reizen met mijn rechter

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30 mrt. 2010

Woensdag 10 maart was de presentatie van het boek Reizen met mijn rechter van o.a. Peter van Koppen. Dit boek toont de stand van zaken binnen de rechtspsychologie. Samengesteld door mensen uit de praktijk. Lees verder…

17 Reizen Met Mijn Rechter

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€ 82.50, Hardback, 1300 pages, With illustrations, March 2010, 1803 grams, 250 x 168 x 47 mm

Study: At Least 2,000 People Wrongfully Convicted In 23 Years

Innocent people have gone to jail, and some of them are still sitting there.

A new study has unveiled at least 2,000 incidents over the past 23 years in which people were convicted of a crime that they didn’t commit:


More than 2,000 people who were falsely convicted of serious crimes have been exonerated in the United States in the past 23 years, according to a new archive compiled at two universities.

There is no official record-keeping system for exonerations of convicted criminals in the country, so academics set one up. The new national registry, or database, painstakingly assembled by the University of Michigan Law School and the Center on Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern University School of Law, is the most complete list of exonerations ever compiled.

The database compiled and analyzed by the researchers contains information on 873 exonerations for which they have the most detailed evidence. The researchers are aware of nearly 1,200 other exonerations, for which they have less data.

They found that those 873 exonerated defendants spent a combined total of more than 10,000 years in prison, an average of more than 11 years each. Nine out of 10 of them are men and half are African-American.

Nearly half of the 873 exonerations were homicide cases, including 101 death sentences. Over one-third of the cases were sexual assaults.

DNA evidence led to exoneration in nearly one-third of the 416 homicides and in nearly two-thirds of the 305 sexual assaults.

At first glance, you might say that 2,000 wrongful convictions over 23 years, but that only lasts as long as it takes you to realize that the data that the two universities based their study on was limited, and that some jurisdictions reported numbers that quite simply aren’t believable:

The overall registry/list begins at the start of 1989. It gives an unprecedented view of the scope of the problem of wrongful convictions in the United States and the figure of more than 2,000 exonerations “is a good start,” said Rob Warden, executive director of the Center on Wrongful Convictions.

“We know there are many more that we haven’t found,” added University of Michigan law professor Samuel Gross, the editor of the newly opened National Registry of Exonerations.

Counties such as San Bernardino in California and Bexar County in Texas are heavily populated, yet seemingly have no exonerations, a circumstance that the academics say cannot possibly be correct.

The registry excludes at least 1,170 additional defendants. Their convictions were thrown out starting in 1995 amid the periodic exposures of 13 major police scandals around the country. In all the cases, police officers fabricated crimes, usually by planting drugs or guns on innocent defendants.

Regarding the 1,170 additional defendants who were left out of the registry, “we have only sketchy information about most of these cases,” the report said. “Some of these group exonerations are well known; most are comparatively obscure. We began to notice them by accident, as a byproduct of searches for individual cases.”

Perhaps the most significant piece of information about this database, as limited as it may be, is that it makes quite c ear that wrongful convictions and the factors that lead to them aren’t limited to high-profile cases. When exoneration cases do get publicity, it’s usually in situations involving rape and murder, of course. Here at OTB, we’ve made note of three death penalty cases from the State of Texas alone — Cameron Todd WillinghamClaude Jones, and Carlos DeLuna — where men were executed for crimes they didn’t commit. In the State of Mississippi, Cory Maye spent ten years on death row for a capital murder conviction tainted by racism, improper testimony from a corrupt Medical Examiner, and a case of mistaken identity by police conducting a no-knock drug raid. Beyond those cases, we’ve all seen more than one story about a man, and it’s usually always a man and an African American man at that, who has spent decades in prison for a crime they didn’t commit. What this study makes clear, though, is that it isn’t just rape and murder that leads to improper convictions, and that the factors that bring it about are rather unsurprising:

In half of the 873 exonerations studied in detail, the most common factor leading to false convictions was perjured testimony or false accusations. Forty-three percent of the cases involved mistaken eyewitness identification, and 24 percent of the cases involved false or misleading forensic evidence.

In two out of three homicides, perjury or false accusation was the most common factor leading to false conviction. In four out of five sexual assaults, mistaken eyewitness identification was the leading cause of false conviction.

Seven percent of the exonerations were drug, white-collar and other nonviolent crimes, 5 percent were robberies and 5 percent were other types of violent crimes.

The problem of faulty eyewitness identification is one that has been well-known in the criminal justice field for years, even though most lay observers seem to think that, out side of DNA, it is one of the most reliable types of evidence presented at trial. The reality, as I noted, is far different, as the Supreme Court of New Jersey acknowledged when it completely revamped the Court rules for eyewitness testimony after an exhaustive study that showed just how unreliable it can be:

“Study after study revealed a troubling lack of reliability in eyewitness identifications,” Chief Justice Rabner wrote. “From social science research to the review of actual police lineups, from laboratory experiments to DNA exonerations, the record proves that the possibility of mistaken identification is real.

“Indeed, it is now widely known that eyewitness misidentification is the leading cause of wrongful convictions across the country.”

The decision listed more than a dozen factors that judges should consider in evaluating the reliability of a witness’s identification, including whether a weapon was visible during a crime of short duration, the amount of time the witness had to observe the event, how close the witness was to the suspect, whether the witness was under the influence of alcohol or drugs, whether the witness was identifying someone of a different race and the length of time that had elapsed between the crime and the identification.

Chief Justice Rabner said the court had avoided “bright-line rules that would lead to suppression of reliable evidence any time a law enforcement officer makes a mistake.”

The ruling instead allowed for a much more complete exploration of the factors involved in an identification “to preclude sufficiently unreliable identifications from being presented and to aid juries in weighing identification evidence.”

Chief Justice Rabner noted that in the vast majority of cases, identification evidence would still be presented to a jury.

“The threshold for suppression remains high,” he wrote. And because, in most cases, juries will continue to determine the reliability of eyewitness testimony, Chief Justice Rabner added, “it is essential to educate jurors about factors that can lead to misidentifications.”

Indeed, given the fact that this study found that nearly half of the wrongful convictions this study dealt with involved mistaken eyewitness identification, one would think that this reform that is long overdue throughout the country.

It would be interesting to see this study expanded to see just how big a problem wrongful convictions actually is, and perhaps to add into it some study of people who ended up confessing to crimes they didn’t commit. Given the fact that some jurisdictions don’t even keep data on this matter, though, that won’t be an easy task. Suffice it to say, though, that it seems rather self-evident that the number of wrongful convictions over the past two decades has been far more than 2,000. What this study does make clear, though, as limited as it is, is that we need to seriously look at the way we trial crimes in this country and ask ourselves whether its worth ruining the lives of so many people just to make it more “efficient.”


Judge Blasts ‘Spectacularly Incompetent’ Lawyers After Man With Iron-Clad Alibi Is Convicted


DECEMBER 9, 2011, 7:32 PM CST

Convicted and sentenced to life last month, LaDondrell Montgomery had insisted all along that he wasn’t the man identified by eyewitnesses to an armed robbery.

But a Texas jury didn’t believe him and found the 36-year-old guilty in the Harris County case. Yesterday, his conviction was reversed and State District Judge Mark Kent Ellis personally apologized to Montgomery, reports the Houston Chronicle.

A few days after he was sentenced, Montgomery’s attorney, Ronald Ray, who is also representing him in other pending robbery cases, took a close look at his client’s rap sheet and realized he was in jail at the time of the 2009 crime in which he had been convicted. Ray had asked Montgomery before trial where he was during the armed robbery, but he just didn’t remember, the newspaper explains.

“It boggles the mind that neither side knew about this during trial,” the judge said yesterday, blaming both the prosecution and the defense for not realizing earlier that Montgomery literally had an iron-clad alibi. “Both sides in this case were spectacularly incompetent.”

Ray said afterward that he considers the case a success, since he has freed a man who was facing a life sentence.

Prosecutor Alison Baimbridge pointed out that she had investigated Montgomery’s record, once his alibi was brought to her attention, and joined in the defense request for a reversal. As the state’s attorney, she noted, she is generally not permitted to seek such information directly from a suspect prior to trial.

ABA Journal

18 Candid Camera Classic: Hydrant on Your Lawn

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17 aug. 2015

When you least expect it, the city tries to put a hydrant on your lawn!

Evil does exist

Current page

A strange twist

Row short oars

Unfair assistance


Head in the sand