Sir Mo Farah
King Leopold II
Colonialism in Africa refers to the period in history when European powers established colonies and exerted political, economic, and social control over African territories. Some key points of colonialism in Africa are:
European powers began colonizing Africa in the late 19th century, after the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885, which divided Africa into territories controlled by different European powers.
The main motivations for colonialism in Africa were economic gain, including the exploitation of resources such as minerals and rubber, and the desire for strategic military and naval bases.
Colonialism had a profound impact on African societies and cultures, often leading to the displacement of indigenous peoples and the imposition of European languages, religions, and cultural norms.
Colonial rule often involved forced labor, land appropriation, and the suppression of African political and social systems, leading to significant social and economic inequalities.
African resistance to colonial rule was often met with violent repression, leading to widespread suffering and loss of life.
African countries began gaining independence from colonial rule in the mid-20th century, with Ghana becoming the first sub-Saharan African country to gain independence in 1957.
The legacy of colonialism in Africa is complex and continues to shape the continent today, with many African countries still struggling with political instability, economic underdevelopment, and social inequality.
‘Moral evil, economic good’: Whitewashing the sins of colonialism
How war, violence and extractivism defined the legacy of the empire in Africa, and why recent attempts to explore the ‘ethical’ contributions of colonialism risk rewriting history and undermining progress.
In 2017, a professor at Oxford University in the United Kingdom proposed a research project. The key thesis: that the empire as a historical phenomenon – distinct from an ideological construct – has made ethical contributions and that its legacy cannot be reduced to that of genocides, exploitations, domination and repression.
Expectedly, such a project raised a lot of controversies to the extent that other scholars at Oxford penned an open letter dissociating themselves from such intended revisionism and whitewashing of the crimes of the empire. One leading member of the project resigned from it, citing personal reasons.
- The Oxford research project
5 Africa after the End of Slavery | History of Africa 1800-1870 Documentary 2/6
3:25 Southern Africa
7:52 Squarespace Sponsor
8:47 Back to Africa
14:30 West Africa
25:14 North Africa
African Kingdoms, Sokoto Caliphate, Mali Empire, Kingdom of Kongo, Rozvi Empire, Ashanti, Oyo, Kingdom of Benin, Funj, African History, Moroccan History, Barbary States, Mutapa, Zulu Kingdom, Xhosa
7 Colonialism in Africa: Yesterday, today and tomorrow | DW News Africa
8 How does colonialism shape the world we live in? | The Stream
By the early 19th century, a vast majority of the world’s nations had been colonised by European powers. The empire-building and resource-driven exploitation of states and their populations continues to influence the world today – from language, religion, and cultural beliefs to legal and economic systems. In certain countries, colonial practices included slavery, genocide and the creation of political and ethnic divisions that remain to this day. Others have argued that Western colonisation, in some instances, benefited colonised populations with rule of law and infrastructure building.
In the first episode of a special week of shows on colonialism, the Stream discusses its impact, how its history is remembered, and where it persists today.
9 Belgium colonial crimes: shedding light on atrocities in Africa
10 The Berlin Conference (1884 – 1885)
12 Results of the Age of Imperialism: AP Euro Bit by Bit #38
Back to menu IMPORTANT CONTENT
The Age of Imperialism left some pretty complicated results in its wake. Controversy still rages over the role of European imperialism in modern world equality. In this video, I try to sort out the positive and negative results on both Europe and the colonized areas of Africa and Asia.
13 What Is Colonialism? Question and Learn About this Historical Problem
16 The Berlin Conference | 136 years on with historian Prof. Mathole Motshekga
18 Leaking Aquarium Prank
23 mei 2011
Sir Mo Farah
King Leopold II