Philosophy

The use of reason in understanding such things as the nature of the real world and existence, the use and limits of knowledge, and the principles of moral judgment:

René Descartes is regarded as the founder of modern philosophy.

Cambridge Dictionary

1 Wise Ancient Greek Philosophers Quotes to Make You a Better Person!

2 What is Philosophy Full Documentary

20 jul. 2017

 
This video will teach you the fundamentals of philosophy. Following topics are covered: What is philosophy? The origins of philosophy, Belief systems, postmodernism and uncritical thinking. Philosophy, opinions, and right answers and branches of philosophy.

3 Being in the World (full, award winning, Hubert Dreyfus/Heidegger documentary)

17 jan. 2022


A celebration of human beings and our ability, through the mastery of physical, intellectual and creative skills, to find meaning in the world around us.
a film by Tao Ruspoli
Inspired by the work of Hubert Dreyfus & his reading of Martin Heidegger.
With Hubert Dreyfus, Ryan Cross, Sean D Kelly, Austin Peralta, Mark Wrathall, Iain Thomson, Leah Chase, Manuel Molina,Tony Austin, John Haugeland, Taylor Carman, HIroshi Sakaguchi, Jumane Smith.

“”Being in the World” is a film that educates one through both the senses and the intellect and, by its end, it provides a powerful but gentle reminder that we, the individuals, must take back our rightful place at the center of philosophy and we do so everyday simply by being in the world. Instead of a narrative or a series of long lectures, we are taken on a ride to visit various practitioners of the arts— primarily musicians—who simply “do” their art. These vignettes are juxtaposed with a series of philosophers, most of whom seem connected in terms of their ideas and interpretations of the German philosopher Martin Heidegger, who talk about the idea of “being in the world.” I found this back-and-forth composition created a certain fluidity thanks to the way the information delivered both tickled my senses and intellect in equal measure. By the end, the aforementioned message slowly sank in and that is what created what is now a genuine appreciation for having viewed the film because I look at my life experience differently.

First of all, this work does not require any special education or training to be understood and enjoyed, although I don’t think many would argue that the subject matter alone would unfortunately dissuade many simply because that is the nature of society but the fact that the average citizen is not interested in philosophy, or course, is no fault of the film. Ironically, the very message that one doesn’t need to be steeped in philosophy to undertake and enjoy a life rife with meaning is one of the primary themes of the film. This theme might be summed up by stating that by simply “being in the world,” we surpass all of the formalized activities associated with what engaging in “philosophy” has come to mean in the modern western world.

Although we’re never hit over the head with it, it is the German philosopher Martin Heidegger who stands firmly at the center of the film as it is his iconoclastic work which inspires the ideas that undergird the messages of the various speakers. The fact that Heidegger’s work is infamous for being difficult to approach even for the initiated student of philosophy is what makes this film such a gem; the more I think about the film the wider I grin because I can see more clearly how what I initially mistook for an aesthetically pleasing ride with a dose of didacticism ended up being a “reeducation” regarding how important simply “being in the world” and performing our “art” (which I take to mean profession, hobbies, etc.) is in terms of understanding where philosophy has taken us collectively.

“Being in the World” is a small film. Although the film is beautifully composed and we move around the globe, it is obvious that this was accomplished with a comparatively small budget and for me this only adds to the sense of intimacy and trust the work exudes; this is a labor of love, an authentic work of art, and it was created in order to share a message far removed from the commercial world.

It was the feeling with which I was left, however, that sets this movie apart from other, similar films. Walking away from this I felt encouraged and valued by the filmmaker and the “players.” Rather than some stale exposition or preachy sermon about why I should change my mind about my life based on some epistemological tendency, I was reminded that my being in the world is what constitutes my life’s meaning.”

Being in the World is a 2010 documentary film directed by Tao Ruspoli. Prince Tao Ruspoli is an Italian-American filmmaker, photographer, and musician born on November 7, 1975 in Bangkok, Thailand.The film is based on Martin Heidegger’s philosophy and is inspired by Hubert Dreyfus. It features a number of prominent philosophers.
 
Initial release: 2010
Director: Tao Ruspoli
Cinematography: Christopher Gallo
Producer: Giancarlo Canavesio
Language: English
Cast: Hiroshi Sakaguchi

4 How philosophy can save your life | Jules Evans | TEDxBreda

9 nov. 2013

When Jules Evans was in his late teens, he started to be plagued by panic attacks, mood swings and other emotional problems. He eventually found help in the form of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). He went to interview the inventors of CBT, and discovered they were directly inspired by ancient Greek philosophy. This started him on a five-year journey of discovery, in which he found out how life-transforming the ideas of ancient Greek philosophy can be. He met and interviewed people from many walks of life who claimed to have been greatly helped by ancient philosophy, including gangsters, astronauts, soldiers and politicians. Now, he passionately believes that the therapeutic ideas of ancient philosophy need to be rescued from the dusty museum cabinets of academia, and brought to as many people as possible, to help them improve their lives. 
 
Regarding Jules Evans 
Jules Evans is policy director at the Centre for the History of the Emotions at Queen Mary, University of London. He is also a journalist, has appeared on BBC 2′s Culture Show, on Radio 3 and 4, RTE-1, ABC Australia, and has written for The Times, Spectator, Wall Street Journal, Prospect and many other publications. His book, Philosophy for Life and Other Dangerous Situations, is being published in 19 countries, and was described as ‘a revelation’ by The Observer.

5 Why Study Philosophy


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6 mrt. 2014

 

Philosophy CPT

6 What Great Philosophers Can Teach Us About How to Live: Alain de Botton (2000)

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11 dec. 2016

Alain de Botton, FRSL (/dəˈbɒtən/; born 20 December 1969) is a Swiss-born, British-based author and television presenter. His books and television programmes discuss various contemporary subjects and themes, emphasizing philosophy’s relevance to everyday life. At 23, he published Essays in Love (1993), which went on to sell two million copies. Other bestsellers include How Proust Can Change Your Life (1997), Status Anxiety (2004) and The Architecture of Happiness (2006).
He co-founded the School of Life in 2008 and Living Architecture in 2009. In 2015, he was awarded “The Fellowship of Schopenhauer”, an annual writers award from the Melbourne Writers Festival, for this work.
Source: Wikipedia
Uploaded for educational purposes only.

 

3 mrt. 2015

In Consolations, de Botton attempts to console the reader through everyday problems (or at least help them to understand them) by extensively quoting and interpreting a number of philosophers. About the book: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/067…

These are categorised in a number of chapters with one philosopher used in each.
Consolation for Unpopularity (Socrates)
Consolation for Not Having Enough Money (Epicurus)
Consolation for Frustration (Seneca)
Consolation for Inadequacy (Montaigne)
Consolation for a Broken Heart (Schopenhauer)
Consolation for Difficulties (Nietzsche)

The critical reception for Consolations has been primarily positive. A few critics have been negative. Edward Skidelsky of the New Statesman wrote: “Comforting, but meaningless. In seeking to popularise philosophy, Alain de Botton has merely trivialised it, smoothing the discipline into a series of silly sound bites. … [De Botton’s The Consolations of Philosophy] is bad because the conception of philosophy that it promotes is a decadent one, and can only mislead readers as to the true nature of the discipline.”

Jonathan Lear, writing in the New York Times said: “Academic philosophy in the United States has virtually abandoned the attempt to speak to the culture at large, but philosophy professors are doing something of incredible importance: they are trying to get things right. That is the thread that connects them back to Socrates — even if they are not willing to follow him into the marketplace — and that is the thread that The Consolations of Philosophy cuts. …[L]et’s face it, this isn’t philosophy.”

Mary Margaret McCabe stated in the Times Literary Supplement: “In the culture of the market economy, we miss the fact that philosophy is valuable in and by itself…. It is deeply dispiriting, then, that the latest attempt to popularize philosophy [De Botton’s The Consolations of Philosophy] – that is to say, to make philosophy into televisual fodder – does so precisely on the basis that philosophers can provide us with useful tips…. This is not the dumbing down of philosophy, it is a dumbing out. Nothing in this travesty deserves its title; Boethius must be turning in his grave.”

The book was the inspiration for the Channel 4 TV series Philosophy: A Guide To Happiness. The series was produced mirroring the book’s layout with the following six episodes:
Socrates on Self-Confidence
Epicurus on Happiness
Seneca on Anger
Montaigne on Self-Esteem
Schopenhauer on Love
Nietzsche on Hardship

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Cons…

Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (/mɒnˈteɪn/; French: [miʃɛl ekɛm də mɔ̃tɛɲ]; 28 February 1533 – 13 September 1592) was one of the most influential philosophers of the French Renaissance, known for popularizing the essay as a literary genre. He became famous for his effortless ability to merge serious intellectual exercises with casual anecdotes and autobiography—and his massive volume Essais (translated literally as “Attempts” or “Trials”) contains, to this day, some of the most influential essays ever written. Montaigne had a direct influence on writers all over the world, including René Descartes, Blaise Pascal, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Albert Hirschman, William Hazlitt, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Friedrich Nietzsche, Stefan Zweig, Eric Hoffer, Isaac Asimov, and possibly on the later works of William Shakespeare.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michel_d…

Arthur Schopenhauer (German: [ˈaʁtʊʁ ˈʃɔpənˌhaʊ̯ɐ]; 22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher best known for his book, The World as Will and Representation (German: Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung), in which he claimed that our world is driven by a continually dissatisfied will, continually seeking satisfaction. Influenced by Eastern philosophy, he maintained that the “truth was recognized by the sages of India”; consequently, his solutions to suffering were similar to those of Vedantic and Buddhist thinkers (e.g., asceticism). The influence of “transcendental ideality” led him to choose atheism.

At age 25, he published his doctoral dissertation, On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason, which examined the four distinct aspects of experience in the phenomenal world; consequently, he has been influential in the history of phenomenology. He has influenced many thinkers, including Friedrich Nietzsche, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Erwin Schrödinger, Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Otto Rank, Carl Jung, Joseph Campbell, Leo Tolstoy, Thomas Mann, and Jorge Luis Borges, among others.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_S…

IMPORTANT CONTENT

7 Philosophy in One Lecture

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Gepubliceerd op 21 jan. 2017

 
Lecture 1, The Analytic Tradition, Spring 2017—for a syllabus with a list of readings in the course, see http://philosophical.space/327.

8 A History of Philosophy | 01 The Beginning of Greek Philosophy

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Gepubliceerd op 2 apr. 2015

 
A History of Philosophy | 01 The Beginning of Greek Philosophy

9 A History of Philosophy | 02 The Moral Universe in the Pre-Socractics

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Gepubliceerd op 2 apr. 2015

 
A History of Philosophy | 02 The Moral Universe in the Pre-Socractics

Philosophy is different from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. In more casual speech the philosophy of a particular person can refer to their beliefs about things. (eg What is your philosophy of sport )

10 Western Philosophy – Part 1 – Full Documentary

12 sep. 2019

Western Philosophy traces the evolution of philosophy from classical Greece, it’s development in Europe through the medieval period and the enlightenment into modern existentialists thought.

11 Western Philosophy – Part 2 – Full Documentary

12 sep. 2019

 
Western Philosophy traces the evolution of philosophy from classical Greece, it’s development in Europe through the medieval period and the enlightenment into modern existentialists thought.

12 Western Philosophy – Part 3 – Full Documentary

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16 sep. 2019

Western Philosophy traces the evolution of philosophy from classical Greece, it’s development in Europe through the medieval period and the enlightenment into modern existentialists thought.

13 Documentary – Western Philosophy, Part 1 – Classical Education

12 feb. 2015

A brilliant three-part documentary that chronicles the history of Western Philosophy from ancient Greece through to today. In many ways, these ideas are the sources of our Western civilization.

14 Documentary – Western Philosophy, Part 2 – Classical Education

12 feb. 2015

A brilliant three-part documentary that chronicles the history of Western Philosophy from ancient Greece through to today. In many ways, these ideas are the sources of our Western civilization.

15 History Of Western Philosophy Part 1/3

16 History of Western Philosophy Part 2/3

17 History of Western Philosophy Part 3/3

19 – Virtue Ethics Part 1

19 feb. 2011

Recorded on February 11, 2011 using a Flip Video camcorder.

20 – Virtue Ethics Part 2

19 feb. 2011

 
Recorded on February 11, 2011 using a Flip Video camcorder.

21 What is Philosophy?

2 sep. 2011

::UPDATE:: I have edited the closed captions and they are now accurate! The first video in Dr. Richard Brown’s online introduction to philosophy. For a listing of the videos go here: http://onlinephilosophyclass.wordpres…

22 Marxist philosophy: dialectical materialism

9 mei 2018

 
Speaking at our recent ‘Marx in a Day’ event, celebrating Karl Marx’s 200th birthday, Alan Woods (author of ‘Reason in Revolt’) discusses the philosophy of Marxism – dialectical materialism. 
 
Alan explains why it is vital for revolutionaries to have a philosophy; why we need to examine nature and society from a scientific – materialist – perspective; and how the ideas of dialectics help us to understand the processes of change going on around us at all levels. 
 
In the final analysis, however, our philosophy must be a guide to action – an attempt to understand the world in order to change it. 
 
“The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it.”

23 Grass walking criminals!

11 mrt. 2011

People are stopped by a cop enforcing the “don’t walk on the grass” signs.
 
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